Project Draft (Sebastian Pranz, Stéphane Voell, Stefan Applis) – Project Start in Spring 2022
Svaneti is a space in which the history of the Caucasus is visibly inscribed and lively enacted in the Svan culture and tradition. However, this spectacular space is increasingly showing traces of fatigue as tourists from all over the world come to the region.
Svaneti is searching for a new identity in a continuous field of tension between an emerging local economy and the region‘s rich traditions. This project intends to collect and archive the local narratives, document the region‘s rich culture, local practices and usage of space. In close cooperation with the Svans we aim to create a public sphere for the region‘s concerns to discover the benefits of both: tradition and the emergent economy.
Cooperators from our value network: Dr. Nino Tserediani, Scientific Director of the Svaneti Museum of History and Ethnography (GEO) Prof. Jesse Vogler, Assistent Professor of Architecture, Free University Tbilisi. (GEO) Prof. Jochen Siegemund, Professor Faculty of Architecture, TH Cologne/Germany (GER)
Culture & Space
Upper Svaneti is a world cultural heritage because of its outstanding mountain landscape with its preserved medieval-style villages and the characteristic fortified towers. These towers, churches and shrines, houses and agricultural areas are the materialized heritage of Svaneti. Social and religious social practices are profoundly intermingled with space; they are structuring space and spatial use. But this material cultural heritage is endangered: Churches, houses and towers suffer dramatically from their massive exposure to tourism. Besides, the social and cultural landscape is threatened by extensive new construction. How do the Svans conceive their region‘s future and fate and what are the measures they want to undertake to conserve their region?
Environment & Space
The mountains of Shkhara, Tetnuldi and Ushba frame the area of Upper Svaneti, which leaves tourists breathless. The incredible beauty of the high mountain area with glaciers, lakes, rivers, forests, and typical wildlife characterizes Svaneti. But beauty and disaster often come together: In the late 1980s, weeks of massive snowfall led to the destruction of villages and infrastructure. Large parts of the Svan population had to be resettled to other parts of Georgia. Since the 1970s, construction plans and first construction works on hydroelectric dams have advanced. They will lead to entire villages being relocated and irrecoverable change in the landscape. The impact of human exploitation is visible as well in the two fastly conceived skiing resorts in Mestia and near the Tetnuldi.
Tourism & Space
Svaneti‘s emerging tourism is characterized by narratives of originality, nature, hospitality and Svan traditions that are shared by locals with tourists and by tourists themselves. Tourists coming to Svaneti are interested in nature and culture, seeking authenticity and individuality whereas financially strong players market the region as ‚Switzerland in the Caucasus‘ and invest in hotels with considerable land
consumption, resulting in less space for farming and subsistence economy. All the factors together lead to an increasing ecological burden on the region.
Goals and Outcome
- at bringing together the relevant players in the region and creating a discourse on a sustainable form of tourism in the region.
- at creating a public forum for the region‘s concerns and a public archive fordocumenting and safeguarding Svaneti’s rich material culture as well as local
- practices and usage of space at promoting a sustainable tourism that is interested in the local history and culture
- at creating a participative platform with Svans in order to collect and archive local narratives.
Measures: A Transmedia Archive
At the interface between journalistic storytelling and museal representation, transmedia offers an open approach to storytelling. It allows one to present different types of material and offers space for diverse interpretations. Our longterm goal is to create a transmedia archive that provides access to personal
narratives and biographic content like family pictures and objects for religious and cultural purposes, maps, and flat-plans to document the architectural layers of usage, etc. We’re addressing tourists who want to take a deeper look into the region‘s history and culture as well as the local public. The archive is presented as a mobile-ready website with CMS-backend allowing the editorial team to store and organize archival content during the project. The stories can be accessed through various topics as well as location-based content on a map. As an extension, we‘re planning to have selected material
as Augmented Reality content, so Tourists are able to access relevant content on-site. The content is collected in a series of on-site work-shops(ca. 10 days) which engage locals in collaboration with students of ethnography, geography, architecture, and journalism.
The following topics are conceivable:
Narratives of Future and Fate: Svan Biographies
Oral history of Svan traditions during and after Soviet times are at the core of this event. The goal is to conduct structured interviews with Svans and collect video and audio material. In cooperation with German and Georgian faculties of ethnography and journalism.
Material Culture: Objects and Images
This workshop is focused on the use and of material culture. We conduct structured interviews with Svans and digitalize cultural objects and personal inventories. In cooperation with German and Georgian faculties of ethnography and journalism.
Mapping the Past: The Usage of Space
Together with the Svan population this workshop asks how the future usage of tradition and culture in space has to be conceived. In cooperation with German and Georgian faculties of ethnography and architecture.
PD Dr. Stefan Applis works as associate professor of geography at the Westfälische Wilhelms- University of Giessen (Germany) and the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen. In his work in Georgia, he is particularly interested in the impact on the local population of attempts to promote social development through tourism promotion. firstname.lastname@example.org
Prof. Dr. Sebastian Pranz works as a full professor of journalism at Macromedia University of Applied Sciences in Stuttgart (Germany). With the media NGO FROH! he has realized the German/Georgian project Archive of Transition that was presented on the Frankfurt Bookfair 2018. email@example.com
Dr. Stéphane Voell is the coordinator of the Center for Conflict Studies of Philipps-Universität Marburg. He conducted research in Georgia, since 2011 he organizes student research projects with Armeniens, Azerbaijanis and Georgians in the Caucasus. firstname.lastname@example.org
Froh! e.V. is a non-profit association that has made its goal to stir the proces- ses of social formation and develop journalistic formats that open discourses about human values. We organize an international workshop-series addressing journalists and self-publishers, develop international
transmedia projects and publish magazines and websites. We collaborated with partners like German Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Goethe Institute Georgia, DVV international and many others. froh.ngo